Political ideology. Plotting a path between the traditionalism of “old” Hanafi interpretations of Islam and “new” streams of thought such as Wahhabism, many Tatar and some Bashkir elites have embraced neo-Jadidism as a solution for the 21st century. Jadidism, from the Arabic usul ul-jadid, or “new method,” was a socioreligious movement that dominated Russian Islamic thought in the late tsarist era. Its proponents sought to reform sharia (Islamic law) through forward-looking interpretation (ijtihad) that accommodated the demands of modernity and stressed acquisition of knowledge from all sources, especially the West. Recognizing their position as a religious minority in the Russian Federation, neo-Jadidists see accommodation with their Russian Orthodox neighbors as necessary, while at the same time supporting a moderate Islamist political platform for the country’s 20 million Muslims. They often brand their movement as a political expression of “Euro-Islam” that can provide a desirable model for other countries with large Muslim minorities. Neo-Jadidists tend to be strongly nationalistic at the regional level and support neo-Eurasianism at the federal level.
   See also Tatarstan.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Tatars —    Ethnic group. The original Tatars were a northeast Eurasian ethnos that was subsumed into the Mongol hordes during the conquests of Genghis Khan. Eventually, the ethnonym came to be applied to a number of ethnically heterogeneous, Eurasian,… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Tatarstan, Republic of —    An ethnic republic of the Russian Federation. With the exception of Chechnya, which gained its current status through two wars, Tatarstan is recognized as the most sovereign of all of Russia’s federal subjects and the paragon of Boris… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Islamism —    Political ideology. In Russia, Islamism that is, the political ideology that, for Muslims, Islam and politics are inseparable exists in a variety of forms. In its most extreme manifestation, Islamists advocate the institution of sharia… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation